UN seeks $10.2 million to reach civilians trapped in Libya conflict

Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Country: Libya

The funding is especially needed to provide health services, protection, clean water, emergency food and shelter to people forced to flee their homes.
CRISIS OVERVIEW

Clashes between the Government of National Accord (GNA) and the Libyan National Army (LNA) erupted south of Tripoli on 4 April, immediately impacting the civilian population in and around Tripoli. Armed clashes have been particularly heavy in the southern districts of Tripoli, with use of heavy artillery and airstrikes on both sides.

Seventy-nine civilian casualties have been confirmed as of 17 April, including 18 civilian deaths. As this figure reflects only those civilian casualties that could be individually verified, it must be unfortunately considered a minimum.

Two weeks into the crisis, more than 27,000 people have fled their homes while thousands more remain trapped by ongoing fighting in their neighborhoods.

As of 17 April, some 28,000 people have been displaced, according to IOM displacement tracking (IOM/ DTM), and numbers continue to increase daily. Most families are staying with relatives and in private accommodation in the different neighborhoods and suburbs of Tripoli; as well as along the coastal line in Western Libya and the Nafusa mountains. Additionally, over 2,000 newly displaced persons have sought shelter in collective centers designated by the local authorities.
Use of heavy weaponry in populated areas is exposing civilians and local first responder teams to extreme risks.

Civilians in conflict-affected areas are at risk of being trapped in crossfire or subject to other forms of violence.

In some areas, the population are unable to move because of the intensity of the fighting and the inability of emergency services to reach them. The incident rate involving first responders and medical personnel is alarming – an ambulance driver and two civilian doctors are among those killed to date, one civilian doctor has been injured, and eight ambulances have so far been struck by weaponry. Civilian facilities, including schools and health units are being increasingly hit in shelling that appears to be indiscriminate.

Around 3,900 refugees and migrants in detention centers are at risk and trapped in conflict areas. Five detention centres are located in areas already engulfed by fighting. Six more are in close proximity to clash areas. There have been reports of guards abandoning detention centres with people remaining trapped inside. Already among the most vulnerable populations in Libya, these refugees and migrants now face the risk of becoming caught in cross-fire, or left without life-sustaining supplies, including food and water.

Humanitarian needs are expected to escalate significantly as hostilities continue; an estimated 1.5 million people may be impacted within weeks. This includes more than 500,000 children living in Tripoli and the western part of Libya. Based on the current displacement trends due to the conflict, humanitarian partners forsee an increase number of displaced people moving to collective shelters and urban settings. Around 144,000 people will be in-need of immediate humanitarian assistance. Regugees and migrants, including women and children, will be particularly vulnerable as the situation deteriorates.


Zimbabwe: Cyclone Idai component of the Flash Appeal 17 per cent funded

Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Country: Zimbabwe

The revised Flash Appeal calls for $294 million (including $60 million for the Cyclone Idai response). Donors have contributed at least $10.1 million for the cyclone-response component.
This Situation Report is produced by the office of the UN Resident Coordinator in Zimbabwe and the OCHA Regional Office for Southern and Eastern Africa in collaboration with humanitarian partners. The Situation Report builds on previous Flash Updates and provides more detailed information on the situation and response. It covers the period from 10 April to 16 April 2019. The next Situation Report will be issued on or around 24 April.

HIGHLIGHTS

• Local authorities estimate that 60,000 people are displaced in the four worst-affected districts (Buhare, Chimanimani, Chipinge and Mutare).

• In light of this week’s wet weather, upcoming cold weather, and expected movement of people for Easter holiday, operational urgencies will include distribution of non-food items, especially blankets, ensuring adequate temporary shelter for all, and oral cholera vaccination.

• Oral cholera vaccination targeting 336,699 people in Chipinge and 139,635 in Chimanimani is under way.

• Food Security Cluster partners have so far assisted an estimated 155,000 people in the worst-affected areas of Chimanimani and Chipinge, out of an initial target of 270,000.

• About 70,000 people have gained access to a sufficient quantity of water for drinking, cooking and personal hygiene, out of an initial target of 270,000.

• Confirmed funding for the cyclone component of the flash appeal is $10.1 million, or 17 per cent of requirements.

• The UN system together with the humanitarian partners are fully engaged with the Government of Zimbabwe to provide all comprehensive humanitarian assistance across all sectors.

SITUATION OVERVIEW

One month after Cyclone Idai affected 270,000 people in eastern Zimbabwe, clusters are activated, and in the most-heavily-affected districts (particularly Chipinge and Chimanimani), aid materials are flowing and coverage is rising, although gaps remain. Humanitarian partners are working to reach all people in need with essentials such as blankets: night-time temperatures (currently around 15 degrees Celsius) will soon fall to 10° C or lower.

WHO reports an increase in acute respiratory infections, which may indicate that some people are suffering exposure.
Roads to all wards have become accessible by 4x4, although rainfall may make the dirt roads impassable again.

Bad weather is forecast for this week—thunderstorms and up to 3cm of rain—which will ground the WFP helicopter, and might threaten the temporary road repairs. OCHA and Logistics Cluster have therefore advised partners to pre-position all necessary materials in Chipinge and Chimanimani, in case their roads are cut off again.

WHO and partners are administering oral cholera vaccine in all affected areas this week, before the expected visits of many Mozambicans to their relatives in neighbouring districts of Zimbabwe for the Easter holiday.

Data from new assessments (including for early recovery) is being assimilated and compiled, which together with upcoming assessments should yield refined figures for people in need and targets. One key ambiguity for assessments to resolve is the location and intentions of displaced people whose houses were destroyed or damaged beyond habitability: many are reportedly staying with relatives or host families, but many of these may be in other districts. Host families are also likely to need support. The Government and Zimbabwe Red Cross Society are preparing three temporary displacement centres with tents, for those who have no host families; CCCM Cluster is engaging to support. Intentions regarding return or resettlement will have to be documented and considered by reconstruction actors: some people’s house plots were destroyed by landslides, others are traumatized and wish to re-settle elsewhere. The Government’s programme for house reconstruction is already in motion.

The Government launched its humanitarian assistance appeal for the cyclone response, for US$613 million, targeting 16,500 households for multisectoral support through the next harvest in May 2020.


About 25,000 people displaced by ongoing hostilities in Libya

Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Country: Libya, World

UNHCR has transferred refugees from Abusliem detention centre in the conflict area. The aid community is still trying to ensure safe passage for civilians and medical supplies and services.
Highlights

• Heavy impact on the civilian population, as sustained fighting continues in and around Tripoli.
Displacement is now at the highest level since the crisis started

• UNHCR transferred vulnerable migrants and refugees from Abusliem detention centre in the conflict area. The humanitarian community maintains efforts to ensure safe passage for civilians and medical supplies and services

25,000 people internally displaced by ongoing hostilities

54 civilian casualties confirmed, including 14 civilian deaths

6,000 people assisted with some form of humanitarian assistance since onset of crisis

$190m current funding gap against the 2019 HRP

Situation Overview

Armed clashes, heavy artillery and airstrikes continued in multiple locations, including residential areas, in and around Tripoli. On 16 April late night shelling in various neighbourhoods of Tripoli, including Abusliem, Souq Jumaa and Hadbaa among others, killed six people, including four women, and wounded about 20, according to reliable but as yet unconfirmed sources.

If confirmed the number of civilian casualties verified since the start of hostilities is 80, including 20 killed.

The current reporting period marked the highest single-day increase in displacement, with more than 4,500 people newly displaced, bringing the total of IDPs to 25,000. Many civilians trapped in conflict areas face a dilemma of not knowing whether to remain in their homes or leave because of the uncertainty of clashes and shelling. This dilemma is further exacerbated because the supply of food and other essentials is running low in some neighborhoods.

The current conflict is set against a backdrop of vulnerability due to several years of conflict, socio-economic crisis and deficiencies in public services which has already left at least 820,000 people, including some 250,000 children, in dire need of humanitarian assistance.


Mozambique update from HLA members

We have been coordinating responses from various HLA members on the current emergency situation in Mozambique following Cyclin Idai.

Club of Mozambique - emergency update

Club of Mozambique, the online gateway to Mozambique, reported that on 18 March the first international airlift arrived in Beira, Mozambique from UNHRD in Dubai. WFP are handling the distribution of supplies. For more information, read here.

Aero Africa - capacity

Reporting on 21 March, Jamie AndersonDirector -  African Solutions, said: "Remarkably I have not seen any humanitarian aid requests freely on the market for air cargo into Mozambique as of yet. It appears that the international call to help has yet to gather pace. I spoke to a few forwarders who handle NGO’s yesterday and they said the same. There are relief convoys en route ex South Africa. Day by day the world is starting to see the big picture therefore I expect a lot more activity in the coming days."

In terms of carrier availability, he added: "We would welcome any enquiries as we are very in touch with aircraft availability along the entire eastern coastline of Africa. Astral Aviation has the 727F based in NBO. There are also ample AN26F and also a C310 in MGQ that could also be called into play, as the operators do have spare hours".

Volga-Dnepr - capacity

Reporting on 21 March, Stuart Smith, Director Global Humanitarian, said of Volga-Dnepr's capacity: "1 x VDA IL76 is now ready in Maputo and will operate flights in coming days for BEW/Beira International Airport. We may consider ops also to Chimoio/VPY inside Mozambique. We may also look to offer B737F of Atran Cargo (Volga-Dnepr Group) ex EU and UAE origins, in case of smaller loads requirement. BEW, as we understand it, is not able to download larger freighters due lack of MDL but smaller freighters (forklift/low loader etc) as yes OR ramp".

Sheltereach.org - shelter

John Vasila of Sheltereach said: “Zimbabwean President, Emmerson Minangagwa, of town Chmanimani Government wants to ensure that houses are built back with stronger materials. Sheltereach designs can be summed up with the word Simple. Simple for the end users, simple in terms of logistics and simple in procurement.

This leads to safe, affordable housing with access to services. We can also help local people to understand the building principles and materials used in our shelter/housing systems. We can partner with Government and NGOs to ensure appropriate disaster relief and reconstruction methods are used, increasing the strength by up to 30 times of  the original structure, usually without increasing the minimal budget cost".

See attached for typical shelter options and a diagram of a Disaster Cycle, in terms of shelter.