World: About US$160 billion needed to prevent millions of Coronavirus deaths in poor countries

Countries: Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, China, Jordan, Lebanon, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, World
Source: Oxfam

In countries where poverty and inequality risk accelerating the disease, the public health challenges are even greater. For example, in Mali there are just three ventilators for one million people.


Kenya: New locust swarms continue forming in Horn of Africa

Countries: Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, India, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Kenya, Oman, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Yemen
Source: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

The situation remains extremely alarming in the Horn of Africa, specifically Kenya, Ethiopia and Somalia where new swarms are posing an unprecedented threat to food security and livelihoods.


Pakistan: Voluntary repatriation for Afghan refugees suspended temporarily

Countries: Afghanistan, Pakistan
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees

Following the closure of the Torkham and Chaman border-crossings with Afghanistan, the repatriation of registered Afghan refugees in Pakistan has been suspended to mitigate the spread of COVID-19.


Academic article on transparency in humanitarian logistics

Muhammad Khan is an HLA member and Research Scholar at the Department of International economics and business, Yeungnam University, South Korea and is working on his research thesis.

Together with colleagues Hee Yong Lee and Jung Han Bae, Mr Khan has published a lengthy article on the study.

https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/11/7/2078

Considering the importance of HL in reducing the impacts of disasters through fair distribution, this study aims to address the following question: “How can the performance, efficiency and effectiveness of HL be improved through transparency?” The primary data were collected through an online structured questionnaire from the employees participating in relief operations in Pakistan.

The study tested the items’ reliability, discriminate validity, goodness of fit, and psychometrical soundness of the hypothesized model. The study results indicate that the relationship between predictor variables (disclosure, clarity, accuracy, corporate governance, decision making and accountability) and the response variable (effective HL) is mediated by public trust.

Furthermore, the study suggests that public trust plays an imperative role in enhancing the performance, efficiency and effectiveness of HL. In addition, first, the study findings are expected to be beneficial for all stakeholders of disaster risk management, especially for governments, donors and humanitarian organizations (HOs), because they are persistently seeking strategies to assist victims.

Second, most importantly, this study raises awareness of the need to carefully evaluate decisions related to the fair distribution of relief items. Third, the structure of this article reveals research gaps and promising areas for further research. This article provides a deeper understanding of transparency in HL using empirical data, which has not been explored before.