UN's 2020 HRP targets three million Somalis out of total 5.2 million in need

Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Country: Somalia

The total number of people in need has increased by 19% (one million people), while the total requirements has decreased by 4% from $1.08 billion in 2019 to $1.04 billion in 2020.
Response Plan Overview

  • People in need: 5.2 M
  • People targeted: 3 M
  • Requirements (US$): 1.03 B
  • Operational Partners: 363

This plan is based on humanitarian needs as of December 2019, and will be adjusted if a change in context will require it.

The Somalia 2020 HRP targets 3 million people out of a total of 5.2 million people in need (PiN). The total number of people in need has increased by 19 per cent (one million people), from 4.2 million in 2019 to 5.2 million in 2020, while people targeted for assistance has decreased by 12 per cent (400,000 people), from 3.4 million people in 2019 to 3 million in 2020. Whilst the PiN increase was triggered by the deterioration of the situation, largely due to drought caused by late and erratic rains, enhanced protection risks and challenged humanitarian access in conflict-affected areas, the reduction in targets for 2020 is partly due to the change in the methodology used in targeting people for assistance, with more focus placed on prioritisation and targeting. There is also a realisation that many of the people in need, despite their vulnerability level, do not necessarily need humanitarian assistance and would benefit more from development, recovery and resilience programmes.

In line with the “Humanitarian-Development Nexus” and “New Way of Working” approaches, the criteria applied to calculate the number of people targeted assumes that development partners and donors will prioritise interventions and support other plans and frameworks, such as the National Development Plan 9 (NDP 9) the UN Strategic Framework (UNSF) or the Recovery and Resilience Framework (RRF), to address chronic development challenges in Somalia, many of which are also drivers of humanitarian needs. As for last year, development and resilience actors and donors have been involved in the Humanitarian Programme Cycle process, since its onset and launch of the “enhanced HPC approach”. In addition, at the end of 2017 humanitarian and development actors developed four collective outcomes (COs). These COs are valid until 2022 and may, with their indicators, be used as the structural framework for a multi-year response plan with multi-year needs projections in 2021. All projects included in the HRP indicated that they are contributing to achieving the COs (see visual and annexes for detailed information on the CO). Moreover, the 2020 HRP continues to contribute to and promote initiatives related to durable solutions. The recently-established National Durable Solutions Secretariat will play a leadership role in this regard, strengthening the priorities in the NDP 9 and contributing to a collaborative approach between humanitarian and development actors, towards achieving durable solutions to displacement.

2020 HRP requirements and priorities

The total requirements quantified by the humanitarian community, which is the sum of all the projects vetted and approved by the clusters and the Humanitarian Coordinator in the Project Module (HPC tools), has decreased by four per cent (US$40 million) from $1.08 billion in 2019 to $1.03 billion in 2020.

The number of people targeted in the HRP was determined by taking into consideration: available response capacity, insecurity in large parts of Somalia and the consequent access constraints. The main dataset for the PiN calculation in the 2020 HNO used originated from JNCMA and FSNAU assessments. In addition, a selection of indicators was utilised (by humanitarian consequence and strategic objective) to determine the number of people targeted for 2020. Relevance, accuracy and precision were the three main guiding principles underlying the selection of indicators. The calculation of both PiN and people targeted were also based on the progress achieved throughout 2019: 2.1 million people were reached with food assistance, 1.2 million people by health partners, 1.6 million by WASH partners, 1.1 million people by CCCM actors, 627,000 children reached with nutrition interventions, 683,000 people reached with shelter and NFI assistance, 700,000 people directly assisted with protection activities and 98,000 people reached by education partners.


Heavy rains and flooding damage or destroy more than 10,200 homes in Mozambique

Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Country: Mozambique

More than 58,800 people in the provinces of Zambezia, Cabo Delgado and Sofala have been affected by flooding since December that has also damaged infrastructure and destroyed crops.
HIGHLIGHTS

  • At least 28 people have died and more than 58,800 have been affected by heavy rains and flooding in Mozambique, with Zambezia, Cabo Delgado and Sofala provinces hardest-hit.
  • The Government of Mozambique declared an Orange Alert on 28 December 2019 due to strong winds and heavy rains in the central and northern regions of the country.
  • Several key bridges have been damaged, including the bridge over the Montepuez River on road N380 in Cabo Delgado, cutting off people in surrounding areas from essential services and assistance.
  • Chipembe Dam, in Cabo Delgado, is now at 100 per cent capacity and having daily uncontrolled over spill.
  • In the last 24 hours, water levels have started to rise across Sofala Province, mainly in Beira City, Buzi and Nhamatanda districts, all of which were affected by Cyclone Idai in March 2019.

SITUATION OVERVIEW

Since December 2019, Mozambique has experienced strong rains, winds and flooding, affecting at least 58,851 people, in Zambezia (17,432), Cabo Delgado (13,169 people), Sofala (6,328), Niassa (5,150), Nampula (4,915), Gaza (4,806), Maputo City (2,927), Manica (1,684), Tete (1,480) and Maputo (960), according to the National Disaster Management Institute (Instituto Nacional de Gestão de Calamidades, INGC). More than 10,200 houses have been damaged or destroyed, including 2,589 completely destroyed, and at least 47 schools have been affected. At least 28 people have died, and 66 have been injured, since the storms began, according to INGC.

In Zambezia, the province with the highest number of people affected, flooding since the beginning of 2020 has damaged infrastructure, destroyed crops and led to displacement. Nearly 2,300 hectares of crops are currently flooded across the province, less than two months before the planned March harvest. On 5 January, the electrical system of the water treatment plant in Maganja da Costa District was damaged. According to the INGC, water points have also been damaged, especially in neighbourhoods in Namacurra District where people were resettled after Cyclone Idai. In Maganja da Costa and Nicoadala districts, more than 180 shelters were swept away in the resettlement sites in the first week of January, and at least 290 latrines were destroyed, according to the International Organization for Migration (IOM), increasing the risk of communicable diseases.

In Cabo Delgado, which has been one of the hardest-hit provinces, strong winds and heavy rains on 28 December 2019 caused flooding across eight districts and damaging the province’s infrastructure: 59 electricity poles fell down; and several bridges were damaged, most notably the bridge over Montepuez river on road N380. Although 80 per cent of damaged electric poles have already been rehabilitated, five districts (Muidumbe, Mueda, Nangade, Palma and Mocimboa da Praia) remain without electricity, hampering access to safe water in these areas. Livelihoods were also impacted in the province, with 40 boats destroyed and 21 damaged, affecting 1,220 fishermen in the coastal districts. About 4,000 hectares of agriculture land were flooded. About 51 metric tonnes (MT) of maize and 25 MT of beans will be required to replace the lost produce in the second agricultural season. According to the water management authorities, Chipembe Dam (near Balama) is now at 100 per cent capacity and having daily uncontrolled over spill. Some of the areas hardest-hit by floods in Cabo Delgado, including Quissanga District, were still recovering from Tropical Cyclone Kenneth, which struck the province in April 2019. The floods may also heighten the needs of the estimated 60,000 people displaced or otherwise affected by violence in the province since October 2017.

In Sofala Province, heavy rains have caused flash and riverine floods since December 2019, impacting some of the areas hardest-hit by Cyclone Idai in March last year, including neighbourhoods where people were resettled after the cyclone. Several roads are impassable and access to remote villages in Buzi District is very limited. There are reports that people who need medical assistance are not able to access Buzi Town. According to IOM, over 3,676 shelters in the resettlement sites across Sofala have been damaged, including nearly 500 that were completely destroyed, following heavy rains on 10 December. In addition, 300 latrines were damaged and the clinics in Metuchira and Kura resettlement sites, Nhamatanda District, were swept away by the floods. In the last 24 hours, water levels have started to rise across Sofala, mainly in Beira City, Buzi and Nhamatanda districts, increasing the risk of flooding. In Beira, around 300 people sheltered in three different schools during the night of 20 January as their houses were flooded, according to INGC. The majority went back home on 21 January, as the water receded, but about 10 families are still in the Matadouro School, in Beira. In Buzi, 48 people had to be evacuated from risky areas on 20 January to temporary accommodation centres.


Exclusion zone still in force as Taal Volcano emissions continue

Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Country: Philippines

As of 21 January, more than 271,000 people are affected, of whom more than 148,000 are being assisted in over 490 evacuation centres, and over 87,000 people are with host families.
Situation Overview

The Taal Volcano continues to be active more than one week after it erupted on 12 January.
Activity in the past 24 hours has been characterized by a steady steam emission and infrequent weak explosions. These emissions have generated ash plumes between 500 and 1,000 meters tall and have dispersed ash southwest of the main crater, according to the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS).

While the volcano is exhibiting less intensive activity than in previous days, the possibly of a larger eruption has not been ruled out and PHIVOCS has maintained Alert Level-4 (out of 5) signifying that a hazardous explosive eruption is possible within hours or days. Ongoing seismic activity and an observed deformation of the volcano over the past 24 hours likely signifies continuous magmatic intrusion beneath the volcano, raising concerns of further eruptive activity. The potential for an explosive eruption leading to a fast-moving pyroclastic base surge of hot gases and volcanic material is of particular concern.

A total evacuation order remains in place for the Taal Volcano Island and high-risk areas within the 14-km radius of the volcano’s crater and along the Pansipit River Valley where fissuring has been observed. According to the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD), as of 21 January, more than 271,000 people are affected, of whom more than 148,000 people are being assisted in over 490 evacuation centres, and over 87,000 people are with host families. The Department of Education reports that more than 300 schools are being used as evacuation centres, affecting more than 9,700 students. According to the Department of Agriculture, more than 15,000 hectares of agricultural lands have been affected. The financial cost of damage and losses to agriculture and fisheries is estimated at ₱3.17 billion (US$ 62 million), with the fisheries sector accounting for about half of the losses.

Government response and support by humanitarian partners

Provincial and municipal authorities are leading the disaster response with the support of the Department of Social Welfare and Development field office and the Philippine Red Cross. Local authorities are distributing relief items as they continue to assess needs. A total of more ₱ 8.5 million (US$ 167,000) worth of assistance has so far been provided by DSWD to affected people. The Philippine Red Cross are distributing aid and have set up first aid stations and welfare desks to provide psychosocial support to affected people. The Philippine Disaster Resilience Foundation (PFRF) is coordinating with its private sector members who are providing road clearing and mobile service support, water, food, face masks, and other relief items.

UN agencies and humanitarian partners with existing programmes in-country are assisting the Government with technical and logistical support to local and regional authorities to assess and respond to the needs of people affected by the disaster. Following a request by DSWD, the UN and partners are supporting the Government in conducting a sectoral assessment of the humanitarian needs of displaced people in evacuation centres on 21-22 January.


Six trends that will shape the future of humanitarian action

Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Libya, Myanmar, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Syrian Arab Republic, World, Yemen

From economic and social inequality to climate change, leading humanitarian experts outline emerging global challenges that will shape the future of humanitarian action.
We asked leading humanitarians and development analysts, climate change experts, political scientists, economists,military analysts, entrepreneurs and health specialists* to outline emerging global challenges that will shape the future of humanitarian action. Here are some of their insights — combined with trends highlighted in OCHA’s 2020 Global Humanitarian Overview.

Read more on Medium


GeoPoll survey results on Ebola in DRC available

GeoPoll has been active in the DRC for many years and runs multiple surveys, including collecting data related to the on-going Ebola crisis.  GeoPoll has just completed an SMS survey in North Kivu, surveying community members on a range of issues.  Some of the questions they have gathered feedback from community members on include:

  • Do you know what the symptoms of Ebola are?
  • What is your primary source of news/information on Ebola? (Friends/Family, TV, radio, newspaper, social media)
  • Which social media channel is your primary source of information?
  • How do you communicate with friends about Ebola?
  • Have aid or healthcare organizations been more present in your area than usual in the past two weeks?

GeoPoll has now completed the survey and shared the results, free, online at https://www.geopoll.com/blog/ebola-in-drc-sms-survey-results/

 


Sisu Global Health joins as corporate partner

We are pleased to announce that Sisu Global Health has joined HLA as a corporate partner. Sisu is an award-winning company that designs world-class, clinically proven, patented, medical device technologies for emerging markets. Sisu’s portfolio of devices are rigorously tested and built to ISO 13485 standards in addition to austere environments. Sisu introduces Hemafuse™, a highly effective alternative to cell processors and donor blood for cases of internal bleeding. Hemafuse™ is a completely mechanical device that can salvage, filter and recycle multiple units of blood from where it is pooled internally to be re-transfused.  Without needing electricity, this device can replace the heavy infrastructure of blood banks in mobile/remote hospital settings to treat trauma.

For more information on the company, click here: https://sisuglobal.health/