Afghanistan takes major step to address undernutrition

Source: UN Children's Fund
Country: Afghanistan

Nearly two million children under the age of five suffer from ‘chronic undernutrition’, which results in stunted growth and delayed mental development.
Launching of the National Nutrition Strategy

Kabul, 21 March 2019: Afghanistan took a critical step in efforts to fight one of the highest undernutrition rates in the world yesterday, with the launching a National Nutrition Strategy that provides the roadmap for partnership, investments and action.

Nearly two million children under the age of five suffer from ‘chronic undernutrition’, which results in stunted growth and delayed mental development. About 4 out of 10 children are stunted and are likely to suffer from irreversible physical, mental and social development loss, impacting significantly on school achievement and economic productivity. An estimated 1 in 10 children are wasted, making them more vulnerable to disease and death. Approximately 1.4 million children under five years of age require treatment for acute malnutrition annually, including about 600,000 who suffer from severe acute malnutrition (SAM). An estimated 3 out of 10 adolescent girls (31%) are anaemic. Moderate to severe anaemia can adversely affect growth and development, cognitive and learning capabilities among young people. The good news is, that we know what works.

In 2017, Afghanistan was the 60th country to become a member of the Scaling up Nutrition Movement and the Afghanistan Food Security and Nutrition Agenda was launched – a multi sector platform to address malnutrition. Furthermore, the Nutrition Counsellor initiative – which has created more counselling opportunities for mothers and caregivers – was approved to be scaled up to all 34 provinces. Finally, nutritional services are at the core of health services delivery throughout the country and this is a chance to highlight the importance of these services. This strategy could therefore not have been more timely and relevant, in our collective and concerted efforts to address malnutrition at all levels, proving a solid roadmap for ‘**Optimal nutritional status for all citizens to reach their full potential in Afghanistan’**.

‘We have wide political support being at the highest level, being either the President of Afghanistan, who endorsed nutrition as a major agenda, or, the CEO, Chief Executive Officer, who is leading the major nutrition meeting himself’, says Dewa Samad, Deputy Minister, Ministry of Public Health Afghanistan.

The UN in Afghanistan focuses on strengthening understanding and support (internally and externally) for why nutrition is a crucial investment during the critical first 1,000 days of a child’s life. This is important, not only for the health and wellbeing of women and children but also for the overall development and economy of the country.

Undernutrition is a symptom of limited access to quality basic services such as health care, safe water and proper sanitation, as well as good hygiene and nutrition practices. Poor feeding practices, such as discontinued breastfeeding, as well as the lack of appropriate and diversified foods have also been principal contributing factors to the ongoing nutritional situation. Although the basic availability of food alone cannot address this issue, the availability and use of child appropriate nutritious foods can make a difference in meeting their specific needs.

Speaking on the day of launch, on behalf of the One UN for Nutrition – UNICEF, WFP and WHO- UNICEF Deputy Representative, Sheema Sen Gupta said "This strategy is a heartening example of partnership between Government, the UN, Donors and the private sector that will serve the best interests of the people of Afghanistan." "We are grateful for the enormous efforts made by the Ministry of Public Health in tackling undernutrition by ensuring that preventive and treatment nutritional services are reaching women and children."

Translating this strategy into concrete budgeted action is an important next step if we are to make gains in addressing undernutrtion in Afghanistan. Longer term development and investments in prevention are essential to improve and sustain the nutritional outcomes of families and communities. Strengthening community and health systems is key towards creating the enabling environment and enhancing the resilience and ability of households towards improved nutrition.

In implementing the National Nutrition Strategy, Afghanistan can secure the opportunity for children to be well nourished in life so that we can protect and secure its future – as the greatest investment and the prosperity of this nation lies in its children.

Notes for editors

SOME 2 MILLION CHILDREN UNDER AGE 5 IN AFGHANISTAN CANNOT DEVELOP PHYSICALLY OR MENTALLY AS THEY SHOULD.

Stunting – which results from chronic nutritional deficiency and is measured in terms of a child’s height at a age – causes irreversible physical and mental damage. Stunted children cannot learn, earn or contribute as much to the future of their families, communities and countries.

Children in the poorest communities are more than twice as likely to be stunted as children than in the richest communities. Stunted children are also more likely to contract diseases and lack access to basic health care, and to not attend school. Girls who are stunted are more likely to give birth to babies who have a higher chance of becoming stunted.

Globally, one third of children in rural areas are stunted, compared with one quarter in urban areas. Targeting the needs of the most vulnerable children is crucial in order to break the cycle of poverty.

PROPER NUTRITION DURING THE 1,000-DAY PERIOD FROM A MOTHER’S PREGNANCY UNTIL A CHILD’S SECOND BIRTHDAY CAN ENSURE A STRONG START.

Proven, low-cost solutions can reduce stunting and other forms of undernutrition. These include: improving nutrition for mothers and adolescent girls; promoting exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of life as well as timely, safe, appropriate and good-quality complementary food thereafter; and providing adequate amounts of vitamins and minerals.

Rapid physical and mental development occurs starting in pregnancy and until age 2. The damage caused by stunted growth during this period is largely irreversible. After 2 years of age, a child who gains a disproportionate amount of weight may face an increased risk of becoming overweight and developing other health problems.

Prevention and treatment of malnutrition require access to good food and adequate attention to health and care. Improving access to safe water, promoting hygiene and preventing, treating diseases and supporting the use of nutritious foods are equally important. Nutrition can be improved through education, social safety nets and other poverty eradication measures. UNICEF and WFP work with governments and partners in many of these areas.

ADDRESSING STUNTING CAN BREAK THE CYCLE OF POVERTY AND BOOST THE SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF NATIONS.

Stunting negatively affects school attendance and performance. Recent data suggests that stunting and undernutrition can cause nations to lose at least 2 to 3 per cent of their gross domestic product. On the other hand, leading economists have estimated that every dollar spent to reduce chronic malnutrition can have a US$13 payoff.

Media Contacts

Feridoon Aryan
Communication Officer
UNICEF Afghanistan
Tel: +93 (0) 730 72 71 15
Email: faryan@unicef.org


WHO calls on international community to join urgent push to end Ebola outbreak

Source: World Health Organization
Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo

No cases have crossed international borders but the risk of national and regional spread remains very high, especially when episodes of violence and instability impact the response.
WHO calls on international community to join urgent push to end outbreak

As the Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) approaches 1 000 cases amid increased violence, WHO reaffirmed its commitment both to ending the outbreak and working with the government and communities to build resilient health systems.

Since the outbreak was declared in August 2018 there have been 993 confirmed and probable cases and 621 deaths in North Kivu and Ituri provinces.

“We use words like ‘cases’ and ‘containment’ to be scientific, but behind every number is a person, a family and a community that is suffering,” said Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, WHO Director-General. “This outbreak has gone on far too long. We owe it to the people of North Kivu to work with them in solidarity not only to end this outbreak as soon as possible, but to build the health systems that address the many other health threats they face on a daily basis.”

More than 96 000 people have been vaccinated against Ebola in DRC, along with health workers in Uganda and South Sudan. As of 21 March, 38 of 130 affected health areas have active transmission. More than 44 million border screenings have helped to slow the spread of Ebola in this highly mobile population. No cases have spread beyond North Kivu and Ituri provinces, and no cases have crossed international borders.

However, the risk of national and regional spread remains very high, especially when episodes of violence and instability impact the response.

“As we mourn the lives lost, we must also recognize that thousands of people have been protected from this terrifying disease,” said Dr Matshidiso Moeti, WHO Regional Director for Africa. “We are working in exceptionally challenging circumstances, but thanks to support from donors and the efforts of the Ministry of Health, WHO and partners, we have saved thousands of lives.”

WHO has more than 700 people in DRC and is working hard with partners to listen to the affected communities and address their concerns and give them greater ownership of the response, particularly in the current outbreak hotspots of Katwa and Butembo.

“The communities affected by this outbreak are already traumatized by conflict,” said Dr Tedros. ”Their fear of violence is now compounded by fear of Ebola. Community engagement takes time. There are no quick fixes. But we are learning and adapting to the evolving context every day.”

Despite the challenges, most communities accept response interventions. More than 90% of those eligible for vaccination accept it and agree to post-vaccination follow-up visits. Independent analysis of vaccination data indicate that the vaccine is protecting at least 95% of those who receive it in a timely manner. More than 80% of people also accept safe and dignified burials, a key to preventing onward transmission.

“Despite the increased frequency of attacks by armed groups, WHO will stay the course and will work with communities to end this outbreak together with the Ministry of Health and partners,” said Dr Tedros. “We need redoubled support from the international community, and a commitment to push together to bring this outbreak to an end.”

For the next 6 months, the combined financial need for all response partners is at least $148 million. As of 19 March, $US 74 million had been received.

“We count on donors to help close the funding gap so we can end this outbreak as soon as possible,” said Dr Tedros. “We will still be in DRC long after this outbreak has finished, working with the government and communities on the road to universal health coverage. We are committed to improving the health of the people of DRC now and in years to come.”

Media Contacts

Tarik Jasarevic
Spokesperson / Media Relations
WHO
Telephone: +41227915099
Mobile: +41793676214
Email: jasarevict@who.int


Displaced families struggle to survive the winter in Herat, Afghanistan

Source: Médecins Sans Frontières
Country: Afghanistan

Living conditions are grossly inadequate and particularly poor when it comes to shelter, food, water and sanitation with visible consequences on the health of children and pregnant or lactating women.
Project Update
20 March 2019

Widespread conflict and severe drought has forced over 150,000 people to flee villages in northwestern Afghanistan and seek shelter in the city of Herat. Their condition remains extremely fragile, as they face shortages of food and limited access to healthcare. Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) opened a winter clinic in Herat to provide much-needed assistance to these vulnerable people.

Little Bibi Hawa is four years old. She has been suffering from pneumonia and fever for four days. Her father, Agha Muhammad, is very worried.

“I brought my daughter here to find treatment for her” he says, his voice subdued, as he sits near the child in the waiting room of our winter clinic for displaced people in Herat. Coping with Afghanistan’s harsh wintry weather is no easy task. “We live in a tent with very cold temperatures outside. We don’t have enough blankets. Our children get sick every other day.”

Displaced by drought and violence

Agha Muhammad is 60 years old, and used to live with his family in Naqchiristan, a small village in the rugged, wind-swept Badghis province, one of the poorest areas of northwestern Afghanistan. His family is one of almost 30,000 households, or 150,000 people, who were forced to leave the rural areas where they used to live because of long-lasting drought, compounded by widespread insecurity.

Much of Afghanistan remains a country at war and fighting is rampant between government forces and armed groups in the region. Any respite in combat is usually only due to heavy snowfall.

“Part of my family is still in our village and I’m concerned about how they will cope,” Agha says. “There is no water, we lost our cattle and there is no work for us to feed our children.”

Most of these displaced families settled in Herat province. However, local stakeholders have proved reluctant to accept the presence of organised camps, forcing newcomers to improvise makeshift settlements and rely on humanitarian aid.

We live in a tent with very cold temperatures outside. We don’t have enough blankets. Our children get sick every other day.
AGHA MUHAMMAD

MSF responds amidst poor living conditions

Living conditions are grossly inadequate and particularly poor when it comes to shelter, water and sanitation. Limited availability of food is another issue, with visible consequences on the health of children and on pregnant or lactating women, who need good quality nutrients to feed their babies.

To provide medical assistance to these vulnerable groups, we set up a clinic in the outskirts of Herat, offering free medical consultations, screening and treatment of malnutrition and vaccination for children through the coldest time of the year.

“We opened the clinic to offer medical care during the rough winter months,” explains Abdul Azim Toryalai, Assistant to the Project Medical Referent. “We also run an ambulance service for patients who need to be taken to hospital.”

Jamala is 40 years old, has five children and is expecting her sixth. Her family is originally from the village of Dara-e-Bam, in Badghis province. She came to the MSF clinic to seek antenatal care: consultations during a woman’s pregnancy are routine activity in much of the world, but a lack of options and limited awareness mean they are not to be taken for granted in this region.

“We had no choice but to leave our village, because our only source of income was our land and drought has badly affected our area. We don’t know how long it will last,” says Jamala. “But since we moved to Herat in August last year, my husband has been unable to find a job and we have no income. I am not sure where and how I will deliver my baby.”

MSF helps fill gaps in area with limited healthcare options

The displaced population in Herat has no money to buy drugs or pay for transportation. This further reduces their options for healthcare, already shrunk by the lack of medical personnel in the area.

MSF doctors and nurses from the Herat clinic provide an average of 100 consultations per day to pregnant and lactating women and children under five, while vaccinating roughly 100 people each week.

We also provide ambulance transportation and refer approximately 25 severe cases to local health structures, including obstetric patients. A majority of people suffer from illnesses associated with either cold weather or insufficient food intake.

We had no choice but to leave our village, because our only source of income was our land and drought has badly affected our area.
JAMALA, 40 YEAR-OLD MOTHER OF FIVE

Struggles left behind, only to find new struggles

Baloch Khan looks older and more mature than his 30 years of age. His story resembles that of many other patients at our clinic: he left Badghis for Herat in June 2018 and now lives with his family in a tent in an informal settlement.

His four-and-a-half-year-old son Asadullah has had a fever for a few days and cannot sleep at night.

“I used to be a farmer, but over the last two years, insecurity and lack of water made our life miserable,” Baloch says. “Agriculture and husbandry, the only sources of our income, became impossible.”

He managed to leave Badghis’s struggles behind, only to find new ones in Herat.

“My brothers and other relatives are still in Badghis and I have no idea on how much they are suffering there,” he says. “But our life here is also very difficult. Most importantly, we don’t know our fate and what will happen next. My children are growing up in a difficult situation, without school and any education.”

Reliant on aid, with more people to arrive

Though there is a public hospital in the city of Herat, it is located more than 10 kilometres from the settlements and treatment is not completely free. This makes it hardly accessible for the displaced population. Many are eager to add that even if they manage to find the money for transportation to the hospital and for a consultation, they will walk out with a prescription for expensive drugs they will never be able to buy.

“We just rely on aid we receive from humanitarian organisations,” says 20 year-old Khadija, whose two year-old daughter Bibi Aysha is being seen for severe diarrhoea. “I am worried. My daughter has been constantly losing weight since we moved here.”

Another 100,000 displaced people still remain in Badghis province and may soon head for the Herat settlements too, unless the situation changes in those rural areas.


UNICEF responds to increased cases of AWD/cholera in Somalia's Banadir region

Source: UN Children's Fund
Country: Somalia

The agency has supported the activation of the Banadir Hospital cholera treatment centre, providing
supplies for treatment of up to 1,500 cases.
Highlights

  • In response to an increase in cases of Acute Watery Diarrhea (AWD)/ cholera in Banadir region, UNICEF supported the activation of the Banadir Hospital cholera treatment centre, providing supplies for treatment of up to 1,500 cases of AWD/cholera.
  • More than 205,000 children aged under-5 were screened since January for acute malnutrition, with treatment of life-threatening Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) provided to over 16,000 children.
  • With the need for emergency water persisting, UNICEF and partners reached close to 35,000 vulnerable people with temporary safe water through water trucking in Baidoa in the Bay region, Luuq and Doolow, as well as Marka and Afgooye districts.
  • Education in emergency interventions reached more than 20,800 children (45 per cent girls) from internally displaced persons (IDPs) and vulnerable communities in 102 schools across Somaliland and southern and central regions of Somalia.

Situation in Numbers

4.2 million
People in need of humanitarian assistance
(2019 Humanitarian Needs Overview)
954,000
Children under-5 that are or could be acutely malnourished in the next year
(September 2018 – September 2019)
3 million
Children estimated to be out of school
(2019 Humanitarian Action for Children)
2.6 million
People internally displaced throughout Somalia

Situation Overview and Humanitarian Needs

Children in Somalia continue to live in one of the harshest places in the world to be a child, faced with repeated climate shocks, continued conflict, displacement and violence. By January 2019, over 4.2 million people, including 2.5 million children, need humanitarian assistance and protection1 . Over 1.5 million people are expected to require emergency nutrition support and treatment, with 903,100 children aged under-5 projected to be acutely malnourished from August 2018 to September 2019, including 138,000 severely malnourished.2 By December 2018, over three million children, out of 4.9 million in the country, were estimated to be out of school,3 including 1.85 million school aged children who require urgent assistance. There are also an estimated 2.6 million people displaced in Somalia, including over one million in the last year alone,4 with women and children representing the majority of the displaced. Exclusion and discrimination of women and girls, socially marginalized groups, continue to exacerbate elevated levels of acute humanitarian needs.
The 2018 Deyr season was below average to poor in many parts of Somalia. As a result, the northeast and central regions of Somalia are expected to be affected by drought, with the overall humanitarian situation expected to worsen until the next Gu rainy season in April 20195. The Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) was launched in January 2019 and seeks US$ 1.08 billion to provide life-saving assistance and livelihood support to 3.4 million Somalis affected by conflict, climatic shocks and displacement across the country6. For 2019, UNICEF is appealing for US$ 145.3 million to sustain the provision of life-saving services including critical nutrition, health, WASH, child protection and education in emergency interventions, as well as cash-based assistance for women and children in Somalia.


'Hundreds of thousands of children need immediate help' after Cyclone Idai

Source: UN Children's Fund
Country: Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe

UNICEF is now appealing for US$23.3 million to support the response in the three affected countries. This amount is likely to rise as the extent of the damage becomes clearer.
This is a summary of what was said by Christophe Boulierac, UNICEF spokesperson in Geneva – to whom quoted text may be attributed – at today's press briefing at the Palais des Nations in Geneva.

GENEVA, 22 March 2019 – Children and families affected by Cyclone Idai and the floods in Southern Africa are facing dire conditions, and thousands of lives remain at risk as heavy rain continues to cause massive destruction. Across Malawi, Mozambique and Zimbabwe, UNICEF is scaling up our response to help children and families affected. Approximately 1.7 million people are affected by Cyclone Idai; almost half of those affected are children.

Our Executive Director, Henrietta Fore, landed in Maputo last night, and is visiting children and families in and around Beira today, as well as supporting UNICEF’s humanitarian response. The Executive Director described the scene on the ground as desperate, stating that “The situation on the ground remains critical. There is no electricity or running water. Hundreds of thousands of children need immediate help. The priority right now is to give them shelter, food, water, education and protection.”

Our Country Representative in Mozambique, Marco Luigi Corsi, has also visited the affected areas. He said that the deluge has been so extreme in some areas that people have not been able to find higher ground to escape the flooding, forced onto rooftops or into trees for hours on end. While search and rescue efforts continue, there is also an urgent need for food, safe drinking water and shelter. Right now, we are seeing thousands of people congregating in informal, improvised camps. Many of these informal camps are in desperate conditions – certainly not a suitable environment for vulnerable children and families.

In Malawi, thousands of families have been forced out of their flooded homes, and are now lacking basic supplies including food, water and sanitation facilities. The floods have also disrupted learning for thousands of children. Our colleagues tell us that many families are camping out in schools, churches, any public buildings. Children are sleeping in classrooms.

In Zimbabwe, the latest estimates suggest that 250,000 people are in need of humanitarian assistance, of whom 125,000 are estimated to be children. These numbers are likely to increase due to the inaccessibility of the affected areas. Eight districts are affected: Chimanimani and Chipinge were hardest hit due to severe damage to access roads and bridges, which will take at least two weeks to repair.

In terms of response:

In Mozambique, UNICEF is supporting WFP on the food distribution logistics for families in improvised shelters. UNICEF is also distributing water purification products to communities in the affected areas. Without safe and effective water, sanitation and hygiene services, children are at a high risk of preventable diseases including diarrhoea, typhoid and cholera, and also increasingly vulnerable to malnutrition.

UNICEF is also working with partners to set up Child-Friendly-Spaces to provide protection services and psychosocial support to children. Many schools and hospitals have been destroyed or damaged or are being used for shelter. Once the immediate, life-saving, needs are met, it’s crucial that children are able to get back to learning as soon as possible – to provide children with a sense of normalcy in a time of extreme chaos.

In Malawi, UNICEF supplies are arriving for families living in evacuation centres. The supplies include thousands of packets of oral rehydration salts, antibiotics, and hundreds of insecticide-treated bednets. UNICEF partners, including district authorities, Médecins Sans Frontières, Red Cross, United Purpose and World Vision are assisting with supply delivery.

UNICEF Malawi is also training volunteer teachers for deployment and supporting the Department of Disaster Management and Preparedness to assess the situation using drones. Drone acquired photos and videos of the affected area are being used to assess flood damage to buildings and fields, and to help plan the humanitarian response.

In accessible affected areas of Zimbabwe, UNICEF is delivering medical supplies, hygiene kits, jerry cans, soap and water purification products. Hygiene kits for 2,000 persons have been distributed. The country office plans to airlift supplies to those most-affected in hard-to-reach areas, due to damaged roads and bridges, from 23 March. UNICEF is also delivering primary health care packages and essential medical supplies, and nutrition supplies.

UNICEF is now appealing for US$23.3 million to support the response in the three affected countries. This amount is likely to rise.

Notes for editors:

Multimedia assets available here: https://weshare.unicef.org/Package/2AMZIF3JEZMF

For more information please contact:

Christophe Boulierac, UNICEF Geneva, +41 799639244, cboulierac@unicef.org Andrew Brown, UNICEF Lilongwe, +265 999 964208, ambrown@unicef.org Daniel Timme, UNICEF Maputo, +258 82 312 1820, dtimme@unicef.org Denise Shepherd-Johnson, UNICEF Harare, +263 772 124 268, dshepherdjohnson@unicef.org James Elder, UNICEF Nairobi, +254 71558 1222, jelder@unicef.org Joe English, UNICEF New York, + 1 917-893-0692, jenglish@unicef.org


More children killed by unsafe water than bullets - UNICEF

Source: UN Children's Fund
Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Iraq, Libya, Mali, Myanmar, Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Ukraine, World, Yemen

Children living in protracted conflicts are three times more likely to die from diarrhoeal diseases caused by a lack of safe water, sanitation and hygiene than by direct violence.
Children living in protracted conflicts are three times more likely to die from water-related diseases than from violence – UNICEF

NEW YORK, 22 March 2019 – Children under the age of 15 living in countries affected by protracted conflict are, on average, almost three times more likely to die from diarrhoeal diseases caused by a lack of safe water, sanitation and hygiene than by direct violence, UNICEF said in a new report today.

Water Under Fire looks at mortality rates in 16 countries going through prolonged conflicts and finds that, in most of them, children under the age of five are more than 20 times more likely to die from diarrheal-related deaths linked to lack of access to safe water and sanitation than direct violence.

“The odds are already stacked against children living through prolonged conflicts – with many unable to reach a safe water source,” said UNICEF Executive Director Henrietta Fore. “The reality is that there are more children who die from lack of access to safe water than by bullets."

Without safe and effective water, sanitation and hygiene services, children are at risk of malnutrition and preventable diseases including diarrhoea, typhoid, cholera and polio. Girls are particularly affected: They are vulnerable to sexual violence as they collect water or venture out to use latrines. They deal with affronts to their dignity as they bathe and manage menstrual hygiene. And they miss classes during menstruation if their schools have no suitable water and sanitation facilities.

These threats are exacerbated during conflict when deliberate and indiscriminate attacks destroy infrastructure, injure personnel and cut off the power that keeps water, sanitation and hygiene systems running. Armed conflict also limits access to essential repair equipment and consumables such as fuel or chlorine – which can be depleted, rationed, diverted or blocked from delivery. Far too often, essential services are deliberately denied.

“Deliberate attacks on water and sanitation are attacks on vulnerable children,” said Fore. “Water is a basic right. It is a necessity for life.”

UNICEF works in conflict countries to provide safe drinking water and adequate sanitation services through improving and repairing water systems, trucking water, setting up latrines and promoting awareness of hygiene practices.

UNICEF is calling on governments and partners to:

  • Stop attacks on water and sanitation infrastructure and personnel;
  • Link life-saving humanitarian responses to the development of sustainable water and sanitation systems for all;
  • Reinforce governments and aid agencies’ capacity to consistently provide high-quality water and sanitation services in emergencies.

Notes to Editors:

The report calculated mortality rates in 16 countries with protracted conflict: Afghanistan, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Iraq, Libya, Mali, Myanmar, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, the Syrian Arab Republic and Yemen. In all these countries, with the exception of Libya, Iraq and Syria, children 15 and younger are more likely to die from water-related diseases than as a result of collective violence. Excluding Syria and Libya, children under the age of five are almost 20 times more likely to die from diarrheal-disease linked to unsafe WASH than due as a result of collective violence.

The estimates were derived from WHO mortality estimates for ‘collective violence’ and ‘diarrheal deaths attributable to unsafe WASH’ between 2014 – 2016.

Multimedia materials available here: https://weshare.unicef.org/Package/2AMZIF3HHUU0

About UNICEF
UNICEF works in some of the world’s toughest places, to reach the world’s most disadvantaged children. Across more than 190 countries and territories, we work for every child, everywhere, to build a better world for everyone. For more information about UNICEF and its work for children visit www.unicef.org.

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For more information, please contact:
Joe English, UNICEF New York, Tel: + 1 917-893-0692 jenglish@unicef.org


Sisu Global Health joins as corporate partner

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