Kenya: New locust swarms continue forming in Horn of Africa

Countries: Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, India, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Kenya, Oman, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Yemen
Source: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

The situation remains extremely alarming in the Horn of Africa, specifically Kenya, Ethiopia and Somalia where new swarms are posing an unprecedented threat to food security and livelihoods.

Mozambique: How AI and drones are transforming emergencies

Country: Mozambique
Source: World Food Programme

After cyclones Idai and Kenneth tore across Mozambique in March and April last year, AI and drones were officially used for the first time in a humanitarian emergency by WFP.

Mozambique: After the storm: Barriers to recovery one year on from Cyclone Idai

Countries: Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe
Source: Oxfam

A new brief by Oxfam shows how disasters; poverty and inequality; and a lack of long-term support have made it all but impossible for people in Mozambique, Malawi and Zimbabwe to rebuild their lives.

World: Climate change is making record-breaking floods the new normal

Country: World
Source: UN Environment Programme

Floods are made more likely by the more extreme weather patterns caused by long-term global climate change. Change in land cover — such as removal of vegetation — and climate change increase flood risk.

UN appeals for US$877 million for Rohingya refugee response in Bangladesh

Countries: Bangladesh, Myanmar
Sources: International Organization for Migration, UN High Commissioner for Refugees

The appeal aims to respond to the needs of approximately 855,000 Rohingya refugees from Myanmar and more than 444,000 vulnerable Bangladeshis in the communities generously hosting them.

Mozambique update from HLA members

We have been coordinating responses from various HLA members on the current emergency situation in Mozambique following Cyclin Idai.

Club of Mozambique - emergency update

Club of Mozambique, the online gateway to Mozambique, reported that on 18 March the first international airlift arrived in Beira, Mozambique from UNHRD in Dubai. WFP are handling the distribution of supplies. For more information, read here.

Aero Africa - capacity

Reporting on 21 March, Jamie AndersonDirector -  African Solutions, said: "Remarkably I have not seen any humanitarian aid requests freely on the market for air cargo into Mozambique as of yet. It appears that the international call to help has yet to gather pace. I spoke to a few forwarders who handle NGO’s yesterday and they said the same. There are relief convoys en route ex South Africa. Day by day the world is starting to see the big picture therefore I expect a lot more activity in the coming days."

In terms of carrier availability, he added: "We would welcome any enquiries as we are very in touch with aircraft availability along the entire eastern coastline of Africa. Astral Aviation has the 727F based in NBO. There are also ample AN26F and also a C310 in MGQ that could also be called into play, as the operators do have spare hours".

Volga-Dnepr - capacity

Reporting on 21 March, Stuart Smith, Director Global Humanitarian, said of Volga-Dnepr's capacity: "1 x VDA IL76 is now ready in Maputo and will operate flights in coming days for BEW/Beira International Airport. We may consider ops also to Chimoio/VPY inside Mozambique. We may also look to offer B737F of Atran Cargo (Volga-Dnepr Group) ex EU and UAE origins, in case of smaller loads requirement. BEW, as we understand it, is not able to download larger freighters due lack of MDL but smaller freighters (forklift/low loader etc) as yes OR ramp". - shelter

John Vasila of Sheltereach said: “Zimbabwean President, Emmerson Minangagwa, of town Chmanimani Government wants to ensure that houses are built back with stronger materials. Sheltereach designs can be summed up with the word Simple. Simple for the end users, simple in terms of logistics and simple in procurement.

This leads to safe, affordable housing with access to services. We can also help local people to understand the building principles and materials used in our shelter/housing systems. We can partner with Government and NGOs to ensure appropriate disaster relief and reconstruction methods are used, increasing the strength by up to 30 times of  the original structure, usually without increasing the minimal budget cost".

See attached for typical shelter options and a diagram of a Disaster Cycle, in terms of shelter.