Nearly 36 million children in Ethiopia lack access to basic social services

Source: Government of Ethiopia, UN Children's Fund
Country: Ethiopia

Rates of child poverty range from 18% in Addis Ababa to 91% in Afar, Amhara, and SNNPR. Poverty rates are equally high in Oromia and Somali (90% each) and Benishangul-Gumuz (89%).
Nearly 36 million children in Ethiopia are poor and lack access to basic social services, a new report reveals

An estimated 36 million of a total population of 41 million children under the age of 18 in Ethiopia are multi-dimensionally poor, meaning they are deprived of basic goods and services in at least three dimensions, says a new report released today by the Central Statistical Agency and UNICEF.

Titled “Multi-dimensional Child Deprivation in Ethiopia - First National Estimates,” the report studied child poverty in nine dimensions – development/stunting, nutrition, health, water, sanitation, and housing. Other dimensions included education, health related knowledge, and information and participation.

”We need to frequently measure the rates of child poverty as part of the general poverty measures and use different approaches for measuring poverty. This requires all stakeholders from government, international development partners and academic institutions to work together to measure, design policies and programmes to reduce child poverty in Ethiopia,’’ said Mr Biratu Yigezu, Director General of Central Statistical Agency.

The report adapted the global Multi-Dimensional Overlapping Deprivation Analysis (MODA) methodology and used information available from national data sets such as the Ethiopian Demographic and Health Surveys of 2011 and 2016. MODA has been widely used by 32 countries in Africa to analyze child well-being. The methodology defines multi-dimensional child poverty as non-fulfilment of basic rights contained in the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child and concludes that a child is poor if he or she is deprived in three to six age-specific dimensions. The report’s findings have been validated through an extensive consultative process involving the Ministry of Women, Children and Youth, National Planning Commission, the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs together with the Economic Policy Research Institute, among others.

The study finds that 88 per cent of children in Ethiopia under the age of 18 (36 million) lack access to basic services in at least three basic dimensions of the nine studied, with lack of access to housing and sanitation being the most acute. The study reveals that there are large geographical inequalities: 94 per cent children in rural areas are multi-dimensionally deprived compared to 42 per cent of children in urban areas. Across Ethiopia’s regions, rates of child poverty range from 18 per cent in Addis Ababa to 91 per cent in Afar, Amhara, and SNNPR. Poverty rates are equally high in Oromia and Somali (90 per cent each) and Benishangul-Gumuz (89 per cent).

Additional key findings from the report indicate:

  • High disparities across areas and regions of residence in terms of average number deprivations in basic rights or services. For example, the differences in deprivation intensity (average number of deprivations in basic rights and services that each child is experiencing) between rural and urban areas are significant; multi-dimensionally deprived children residing in rural areas experienced 4.5 deprivations in accessing basic rights and needs on average compared to 3.2 among their peers in urban areas;
  • Given their large population sizes, Oromia, Amhara, and SNNPR regions are the largest contributors to multi-dimensional child deprivation in Ethiopia. These three regions jointly account for 34 of the 36 million deprived children in Ethiopia, with Oromia having the highest number at 16.7 million, SNNPR at 8.8 million, and Amhara at 8.5 million. Regions with the lowest number of poor children are Harar at 90,000, Dire Dawa at 156,000, and Gambella at 170,000.
  • Although there has been progress in reducing child deprivation, much more remains to be done. The percentage of children deprived in three to six dimensions decreased from 90 per cent to 88 per cent between 2011 and 2016 and the average number of deprivations that each child is experiencing decreased from 4.7 to 4.5 dimensions during the same period.
  • Most children in Ethiopia face multiple and overlapping deprivations. Ninety-five per cent of children in Ethiopia are deprived of two to six basic needs and services, while only one per cent have access to all services. Deprivation overlaps between dimensions are very high in rural areas and among children in the poorest wealth quintiles.

The report makes the following recommendations:

  1. Speed up investments to reduce child poverty by four per cent each year for the next decade if Ethiopia is to achieve the Sustainable Development Goal on poverty reduction;
  2. Accelerate investments in social sectors prioritizing child-sensitive budgeting at the national and regional levels to enhance equality and equity; and
  3. Improve collaboration among different social sectors to ensure that the multiple needs of children are met.

Media Contacts

Esayas Muleta
Central Statistical Agency
Tel: +251 911 733295
Email: esayasmuleta@gmail.com

Wossen Mulatu
Communication Officer
UNICEF Ethiopia
Tel: +251 115 184028
Email: wmulatu@unicef.org


Más de 5.1 millones de personas con necesidades humanitarias en Colombia

Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Country: Colombia, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

A este escenario se suman 1.9 millones de personas con necesidades, incluyendo refugiados y migrantes venezolanos, colombianos retornados y comunidades de acogida.
PERSONAS CON NECESIDADES HUMANITARIAS

En los últimos cinco años y como parte del ciclo programático humanitario, se han identificado las personas con necesidades en Colombia (anual) en un esfuerzo conjunto de los socios del Equipo Humanitario de País, en coordinación con otras contrapartes del Estado. La afectación histórica de millones de personas por diferentes emergencias humanitarias, como consecuencia del conflicto, la violencia y eventos de desastres naturales, ha requerido la presencia e intervención complementaria al Estado, por parte de organizaciones humanitarias tanto nacionales como internacionales.

Después de cuatro años de Diálogos de Paz entre el Gobierno y las FARC-EP se dio la firma de un Acuerdo, el cual debía también representar el alivio humanitario en muchas regiones golpeadas; no obstante, el deterioro de la situación humanitaria interna en Colombia, se refleja en más de 5.1 millones de personas con necesidades, como lo podremos evidenciar en este documento.

A este escenario se suman 1.9 millones de personas con necesidades, incluyendo refugiados y migrantes venezolanos, colombianos retornados y comunidades de acogida, quienes llegan al país con necesidades existentes y adicionalmente se exponen a riesgos y al impacto del contexto en Colombia.

Según la Plataforma Regional coordinada por ACNUR y OIM, desde la situación en Venezuela ha obligado a la salida de más de 3 millones de personas desde el año 2015, siendo Colombia el principal país de acogida y transito.

Con el ánimo de priorizar, planificar y gestionar recursos para la respuesta humanitaria adecuada de manera integral, intersectorial, el HNO 2019 incluye un capítulo especial el cual describe las necesidades en muchas ocasiones, e identifica los lugares donde se superponen las diferentes afectaciones externas e internas del país, que configuran una doble y hasta triple afectación .
Uno de los mayores desafíos hoy en día es poder informar sistemáticamente sobre los resultados y logros colectivos, con la evidencia de referencia (HNO) y un marco de planificación con objetivos, metas e indicadores (HRP); vale la pena mencionar que estos logros dependen de un monitoreo riguroso y sistemático de los cambios en la línea de base y los resultados de las intervenciones planteadas.

NECESIDADES HUMANITARIAS & CIFRAS CLAVE

El aumento y persistencia de las necesidades humanitarias; los riesgos en protección, las violaciones de Derechos Humanos -DDHH- e infracciones al Derecho Internacional Humanitario -DIH-, son motivo de preocupación para la comunidad internacional, diferentes sectores de la sociedad civil y el Gobierno de Colombia. Comunidades vulnerables sufren el impacto de las nuevas dinámicas del conflicto, el incremento de la violencia, eventos de desastres naturales y migración, donde los problemas estructurales de desigualdad, exclusión y pobreza extrema agudizan aún más sus condiciones de vida, y en otros casos representan una amenaza contra su vida y la dignidad.
En 2018, a diferencia de años anteriores, el impacto humanitario por la convergencia de emergencias relacionadas al conflicto, el incremento de la violencia armada, y la ocurrencia de eventos de desastres naturales y antrópicos, ha propiciado que alrededor de 5.1 millones de personas vivan con necesidades humanitarias

sectoriales en varias regiones de Colombia. Las regiones con mayor concentración del impacto humanitario son Nororiente-Frontera con Venezuela, Sur-Frontera con Ecuador, Pacífico-Frontera con Panamá y Noroccidente. Se destaca la priorización de 268 municipios, dejando ver la necesidad de asistencia y fortalecimiento de la presencia de actores humanitarios y de protección en los territorios, manteniendo sus espacios de coordinación activos en complementariedad a los del Estado.

La persistencia de acciones armadas y ataques contra civiles sigue dejando víctimas, violaciones a los DDHH, infracciones al DIH y consecuentes emergencias humanitarias. La confluencia de la creciente llegada de refugiados, migrantes y retornados provenientes de Venezuela desde el 2017, que se explora en el capítulo sobre refugiados y migrantes de este documento, se expone la necesidad urgente de analizar integralmente las posibles situaciones de sobreposición con la situación humanitaria preexistente, reflejando la urgente necesidad de garantizar los derechos de las víctimas y comunidades afectadas, considerando enfoques diferenciales (étnico, etario, género). Uno de los grandes retos del nuevo Gobierno es tomar medidas e implementar estrategias eficaces en términos de prevención, protección y soluciones duraderas por parte del Estado para la población vulnerable.


Mass influx of Venezuelans threatens dangerous fragility of post-peace deal Colombia

Source: Refugees International
Country: Colombia, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

Colombia has received more than one million Venezuelans, offering thousands the right to work. However, almost 8 million Colombians are displaced and the number hit by violence is rising.
Melanie Teff and Daphne Panayotatos

Living under the government of President Nicolás Maduro, Venezuelans face political repression, extreme shortages of food and medicine, lack of social services, and economic collapse. Three million of them – or about 10 percent of the population – have fled the country. The vast majority have sought refuge in the Americas, where host states are struggling with the unprecedented influx.

Various actors have sought to respond to this rapidly emerging crisis. The UN set up the Regional Inter-Agency Coordination Platform for Refugees and Migrants from Venezuela, introducing a new model for agency coordination across the region. This Regional Platform, co-led by the United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR) and the International Organization for Migration (IOM), has established a network of subsidiary National Platforms in the major host countries to coordinate the response on the ground. At the regional level, the Organization of American States (OAS) established a Working Group to Address the Regional Crisis of Venezuelan Migrants and Refugees. Latin American states have come together through the Quito Process – a series of diplomatic meetings designed to help coordinate the response of countries in the region to the crisis. Donors, including the United States, have provided bilateral assistance.


End of 2018 review

2018 has been a busy year for HLA. It started early in 2018, with the launch of a brand new website, and the introduction of paid individual and corporate membership subscriptions. These enable us to cover both operating and modest engagement costs.

We expanded the Board to include the trustee role of Director/Chief Technology Officer, welcoming Isaac Kwamy who has supported the consolidation of our IT capabilities, together with Steve o’Rourke our web developer. After five very valuable and transformational years on the Board, Adrian Nance stepped down from his role as Director/CFO in March, having recruited his replacement Sujit Jadhav, as well as our first bookkeeper Leanne Palmer (our first core funded team member).

At the start of the year we said farewell to our VolinHA volunteer Alexandra Vasila. Based on her HLA experience, she was hired by the International Medical Corps for a logistics role in Nigeria. In October, Monireh Shishvan joined HLA as volunteer marketing and communications executive, based from her home in Tehran. Moni brings considerable experience from the private sector and UN assignments. We also thank our long-standing volunteer Farshid Raminfar, who continues to provide excellent and invaluable service managing our social media channels.

We have outlined our key achievements in this useful infographic:

 

2019 promises to be another busy year. On our agenda is:

  • The hosting of the PARCEL project/local partner logistics training information and materials
  • Launching a new HLA Advisory Group (HAG)
  • A collaborative project to develop a humanitarian logistics companion guide to the Sphere Standards (the foundation for our Body of Knowledge)
  • Implementation of a fund-raising strategy
  • Development and implementation of a new business plan
  • Annual General Assembly (in Asia or Africa)
  • Further strengthening of the HLA Board

We wish all our members and contacts a peaceful holiday season and a successful 2019, both professionally and personally!